The Piqua Shawnee is a Native American tribe that got its name from the Shawnee word Shawanwa meaning “southerner.” The past culture of these people has been forgotten by the present and young generation of the tribe members. The following are some facts and trivia about the tribe.
Unlike today where Native Americans only build traditional Piqua Shawnee Tribe dwellings for fun, to connect with their heritage, and for remembrance, in the past, the tribe lived in round or cone-shaped huts called wikkums or wigwams. They are usually covered with birch bark, buffalo hides or woven mats, and made of wooden frames.
The most used mode of transportation by the members of the tribe varied depending on the kind of terrain they traveled on. Overwater, they used canoes dug or hollowed out from large trees, and paddled by oars carved from strong tree limbs, but when traveling on the ground, they sometimes used sled dogs as pack animals.
The Shawnee tribe was and still is famed for the quality of its artwork and crafts. The members of the tribe engaged in pottery, carvings from wood and beadwork. The containers and pottery products were used to store grain among other things. They crafted wampum beads from purple and white beads, and these were usually used as a means of currency exchange. Check out this website at http://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/best-usa-indian-culture/index.html for more facts about Shawnee tribe.
In the past, the leadership organization of the tribe, each village or band had its government led by a chieftain helped by a tribal council. Warriors also chose the bravest and most knowledgeable in warfare to be the war chief of the tribe. All chieftains were answerable and loyal to a principal leader elected by all villages.
The primary occupation and economic activities of the Piqua Shawnee Tribe people were mainly linked to the survival of the tribe that is food, shelter, and clothing. Men went on hunting trips to provide food, hides to make clothes and for covering the housing. The women engaged in farming, looked after the households and the children. In some areas like traditional medicine and art, both genders both participated.
Unlike some of the other tribes, the Shawnee did not wear headdresses; rather they wore beaded headbands adorned with feathers. Men usually wore breechcloths and leggings, while women put on skirts and leggings and on their feet they put on moccasins. In case the weather was not very hot, both genders wore ponchos.
About the provision of food, farming was one of the most engaged in activities. The women of the tribe farmed corn, squash, fruits, beans, and nuts. These were used to make cornbread, soups, and stews. Men hunted deer, buffalo, turkeys, and other small game and engaged in fishing. These are just but a few interesting facts about the past lifestyle of the Piqua Shawnee Tribe.